Now we will talk about Uttar Pradesh social economic conditions will understand the challange growth and future. Uttar Pradesh located at fertile gangetic place. Up one of India’s most popular states. With around 20 crore people. If it was any country then he count 5th most populous country. Because of this population, it is the center of politics.
Which has been given to the country by 9 Prime Ministers. But the state is notorious for its unrealistic image of Up. Ashish Bose: The man who coined BIMRAU tried to make things simple. But the question is Did up always face this problem? If not here’s a new product just for you! Some say that the main reason for the backwardness of Hindi states like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar is ethnic politics but it does not describe the whole scene. Caste politics is found in almost every state of india in one from or others. Today analyzed this claim and discussed how to Reason to Uttar Pradesh Count in BIMRAU state. Know about Up’s historical Glory BIMRAU reason ?.
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Uttar Pradesh Historical Glory
Uttar Pradesh has historically been an important site for civilization in the Indian Subcontinent. The Rigvedic Civilization originated mainly in the state of UP. Be it Mayur empire or Gupta empair Uttar Pradesh is one of the important centers for Civilization Growth. Major cities of kannauj , Kanpur, Varanasi, Prayagraj originated. India’s Northern trade route “uttarpatha“Central Asian silk route connect in bay of Bengal
with Kabul through Indo gangetic plain. In this route Up major city was Varanasi, prayagraj, Mathura. After the 1700s, kannuj became known as a major stronghold. Which was known as Harshvardhan capital city. The Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang Visited the same site and explained that the city has been replaced by Pataliputra.
three major power- pala, Pratihara and Rashtrakuta kept Fighting for Next Two hundred Years for the same. Sher shah suri is credited for the renewal of Uttar Patha and flourishing of trade thereafter. In 1506, the mughal empireorshah -jahan shifted his capital to agra, which shows the importance of up. Mughal empair controlled the revenue from the fertile lands of up through the “jagirdari system“. Due to fertile lands and increased agricultural activities, the state of up has been the center of agricultural reform from time to time.
For ex: akbar introduced the Zabti system with the help of oc todarmal and fixed the crop revenue on the basis of scientific land survey. Goutam Buddha gave his first sermons at sarnath and also spent most of his life in UP.
Many architectural developments also took place during the period of ashoka. For EG: Lion pillars of Sarnath. Varanasi, prayagraj, Ayodhya, Mathura have been the main places of Hindus. Many prominent architectural developments such as the Taj mahal and Agra fort were built during the Moghal period. It still plays a key role in the tourism sector today. But by the 20th century, this historical glory of UP was subdued and the region became a focal point of many problems.
Up became the empire of all problems.The British RajWe know that the main reason for the problems India is facing today is the British rule.
The exploitative British land revenue systems also known as ‘paramanet settlement’ or ‘zamindari system’, were one of the reasons behind the backwardness of UP. The traditional land ownership was radically changed and it went hand in hand with the lands of the Zamindars Creating a large landless Lebour class in the state. These British policies made the ‘Zamindars‘ and Moneylenders Quite Powerful classes and increased the poverty in a large section of the population.
TheBritish did not have any influence on what was cultivated on the land and how it was produced. A specific tax law was enacted for the land.
As a result, people are getting poorer by the day. The British policy also ruined the handloom furnishings industry in the state. During the Mughal Empire and the British, world-class Handloom was produced in Varanasi, Dhaka, and Malwa. Which was exported all over the world. Later it was in high demand around the world for its quality.
Due to the introduction of large-scale cuttones in the UK and Europe, their fabrics were becoming uncomfortable. Later, when India’s cutton fabrics became known in Europe and the United Kingdom, their popularity grew. Rising Demand for Indian fabrics hurts traditional woolen industry in England and therefore, they put restrictions on the import of Indian cloth in 1700AD. After the Battle of Classic in 1757, India regained its political control.
After gaining political control of India in 1757, the British imposed many taxes on Indian traditional weavers respecting the traditional weaving industry.
Following the industrial revolution, British machine made cheaper cloths competed fiercely with the Indian hand made and relatively costly clothes.
All these policies collectively caused Deindustrialzation of the indian handloom industry. Varanasi some handloom marchant close this business.They had to choose another profession. The British had a long term policy As a result, India and Uttar Pradesh had to struggle even after independence.
Uttar Pradesh Post-independence (failure of Land Reform )
After independence, land refrom policies ware introduced and Zamindari was abolished by enacting laws. But the implementation of land refrom policies was the responsibility of states.due to lack of political will power from states, most states expect west Bengal and Kerala, failed to implement the land refrom policies. Land refrom failed in UP.
Lack of improvement in agricultural productivity was the first major adverse imfact of failure of land reforms polices in the state.
The perpetual Zamindari also strengthened the caste system in the states.
According Economy and politically weaklly even today 47% of Thakurs constitutes of 20% the wealth-owning class in UP.
After the report of Mandal commission the caste based politics became more intensive in state of Bihar and UP. The religion based politics started in the state after the demolition of Babri masjid in 1992. Where the sound of development has not been heard Only politics lasted until then, “It simply came to our notice then.The political instability of Uttar PradeshFor the economic development of any state But Uttar Pradesh also lost.
This is not just about mandalas, this practice has been going on for a long time. Up has always been a wonderful state. Unitil 1967,Congress was the dominant party in the state but none of the chief minister could complete there respective 5-years terms. After independence, Mayawati became the first person to have completed full 5year’s term of a chief minister in 2007 only.
The dominance of Congress party was challenged by the Backward caste Movement led by Samajwadi Party(Sp) and Dalit assertion by bahujan samaj party(BSP) in the 1980.The highest number of President’s rule (10 times) imposed upon the state of up. Due to the political instability,
the state witnessed increased incidents of caste-based violence, mafias, criminalization of politics and rampant corruption. “It simply came to our notice then. Specifically Law and order situation discourse all Business industry. No major industry setup and couldn’t complete 10 years.
The regional Divide of Utter pradesh
The state of up also have a regional divide which affected its Devlopment. This reason country 3rd largest GDP but he behind some social indicator. The green revolution started in 1960 was a major sucess in the states of westren up, punjab and haryana. The Benifit of green revolution was confined to the westren part of Up. Due to fragmented Land holding in the Eastren up most of agricultural reforms and technologies could not implemented in the region. The facilities such as investment in land, irrigation and flood control ect.
Were inadequate in the Eastren up. The dominant section of Farmer in the Eastren up was of mariginal farmers who practiced mainly subsistence farming.